Natural and environmental protection
Natural and environmental protection measures have been part of the IGA Berlin 2017 plans from the beginning. A wide-ranging maintenance and development plan will ensure that leisure and recreational activities remain in harmony with natural and environmental protection after the international exhibition has finished. The individual measures have been drawn up in conjunction with environmental and conservation organisations. The Institute of Forest Botany and Forest Zoology at the TU Dresden oversaw the scientific management.
Specialist firms are overseeing the construction process, taking into consideration environmental and conservation aspects with a sophisticated building site logistics concept. The advice given to the construction management and supervision teams ensures that the right preventive measures are taken to protect species and the biotope.
Environmentally compatible design of the exhibition grounds
Peat-free substrates are being used in the areas where the annuals are planted in order to protect the marshland. Here the IGA Berlin 2017 is demonstrating an environmentally friendly approach to planting flowers and plants in the home and garden.
Eco-friendly forest conversion
Dark forest thickets alternate with bright clearings: the ecological forest conversion on Kienberg Hill initiated by the IGA Berlin 2017 promotes the creation of habitats for animal and plant species that love light and warmth, such as bees, beetles, butterflies, birds and small mammals. On the sunny southern slope, the Kienberg terraces, species-appropriate wintering grounds and retreat areas are being created out of rock formations to resettle certain animal species. There is a varied mix of newly created meadows and existing fruit trees here. New orchards with a rich variety of rare and historical fruit trees have been augmented; woodland fringes and open meadowlands with natural stone walls are in harmony with each other.
Natural restoration of the banks of the Wuhleteich Pond
New habitats for flora and fauna are also being created on the concrete-strengthened and near-natural banks of the Wuhleteich Pond. An alternately wet and dry shallow water zone and reed belts have been added to the northern bank so that the animal and plant world can continue to develop by the pond.
Grazing areas in the ‘Ark Park’ in the Wuhletal Valley
The IGA Berlin 2017 is committed to using natural rather than mechanical means to manage the land in the Wuhletal Valley in an eco-friendly manner. From autumn 2016 the cattle, horses and sheep in the new Ark Park will be grazing the meadows and keeping down scrub growth. Historical animal species and those threatened with extinction that no longer have a future in the area of dairy and meat production will help to maintain the vegetative diversity of the Wuhletal Valley while ensuring the survival of their own species – even beyond the IGA.
Rare bird species in the Wuhletal Valley
The abundant waters in the Wuhletal Valley will also offer perfect nesting conditions for the rare kingfisher in future. The pollarded willows on the banks of the Neue Wuhle River are being cut back by means of crown reductions and the dead wood of the felled trees left by the riverbank. The root plates provide a good landing spot and safe nesting place for the rare blue birds in Berlin.
Grove and wild plants in Kienberg Park
A grove consisting of one thousand newly planted trees has been created in the entrance area of Kienberg Park. ‘Urbanity and Diversity’ is the motto of the programme of the same name, with which the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation is encouraging the residents of Marzahn-Hellersdorf to cultivate wild regional plants. Seeds sown on balconies and in gardens in the district will later be planted together on the IGA grounds.
Nature discovery and environmental education
The IGA campus at the IGA Berlin 2017 takes a playful approach to learning for children and young people and offers an active natural experience for all generations. In conjunction with the GRÜNE LIGA Berlin, it invites visitors to take part in a varied environmental education programme on an area covering 12,000 square metres with a focus on the individual’s experience of nature. The ‘green classroom’ on the IGA campus offers school classes the opportunity to research, learn and experiment in a natural setting. The facilities on the IGA campus are enhanced by the new environmental education centre on the banks of the Wuhleteich Pond, which is funded by the eastern urban restructuring programme. A nature discovery space on the western slope of Kienberg Hill invites visitors to play and experiment with natural materials, but also frolic freely in the great outdoors. The diverse activity programme at the IGA Berlin 2017 is the starting point for a long-term and innovative environmental education programme that is closely linked to the unique landscape of the Wuhletal Valley and Kienberg Hill and permanently rooted there.
Institute of Forest Botany and Forest Zoology
The institute consists of professorships in forest botany and forest zoology. In the area of research and teaching it focuses on the biology and ecology of forests, individual trees and landscapes populated by forests.